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Tile selection and installation
Nowadays, the requirements for ceramic tiles in decoration are getting higher and higher, and the gap between the tiles is very small, so because the gap is very small, the integrity is stronger, so some friends who are pursuing effects let the workers do seamless paving. paste. This approach not only fails to achieve good results, but consumers have higher requirements not only from the style of ceramic tiles, but also in terms of quality and tiling requirements.
Part1: Choosing skills for buying ceramic tiles
1, look at the packaging
Qualified tiles are generally packed in cartons (and wait External products and processed products are usually not packed in cartons, but directly fixed with foam and rope). The manufacturer's name, product name, trademark, specifications, size, grade, weight, color number and quantity should be printed on the packaging box. Special attention should be paid to whether the grade is the same as the one discussed at the time of purchase, to prevent merchants from using defective products to fill the top grade or use qualified products as the same color number. Generally, the same product and the same color number are placed in the same space to prevent color difference (for shaping Except for special effects).
2. Look at the appearance of the product
Check a few tiles randomly from the packing box to see if the product surface has the following defects: ripples, spots, glaze bubbles, bumps, cracks, lack of glaze, etc. Wait. There is a ceramic tile trademark on the back of each tile. Check to see if the bottom mark is consistent. No sticky attachments are allowed on the back and sides.
3. After tiling
1 hour after paving, the cement, caulking agent or other contaminated objects left on the brick surface should be wiped clean in time, because it is like filling It is more difficult to clean the seam after four hours of adhesion.
Twelve hours after paving, the brick surface should be knocked for inspection. If empty drums are found, they should be re-layed. You can only walk 24 hours after the tile is laid. It must be scrubbed and mixed with clean water to clean the tiles.
Part2: Installation and jointing and jointing techniques
1. Suggestions for jointing of commonly used tiles in decoration
Seamless tiles, etc. When paving wall tiles and polished tiles, the size of the gap should generally be around 1--1.5mm, not less than 1mm. Air nails can be used as a reference. Antique bricks generally have a slightly wider seam, usually 3--5mm. The culture bricks on the outer wall of the balcony are generally left with a seam of about 5mm.
In the process of laying tiles, seams should be left. The size of the seams depends on the specific product. Generally speaking, tiles are being laid. After the jointing is needed, the materials used for the jointing and the timing of the jointing are introduced below.
3. Choosing the jointing time
Generally, the jointing time is selected 24 hours after tiling, that is, after the tiles are dry, the jointing time is too early, which will affect the Tile tiles, causing unevenness or looseness. In addition, before the jointing, the dirt and debris in the cracks of the tiles need to be cleaned up.
The waterproof performance and scrub resistance of putty powder and white cement are worse. Nowadays, in the process of home decoration, it is generally not used in the jointing of ceramic tiles on the floor of the kitchen and bathroom and the floor of the living room. Choose a professional tile grout (also known as grout).
Part3: Precautions for tile installation
1. Pay attention to the compactness of the paving
If the tiles are not soaked in water, they will be grabbed Take away the moisture in the cement mortar, reduce its strength, and reduce the adhesion between the tiles and the wall. Over time, the tiles are prone to hollowing and falling off.
When paving, pay attention to the gap between the tiles and the compactness of the cement mortar to reach a certain standard.
It is normal that the hollowing rate of tiles occupies less than 5% of the entire wall tile surface.
When buying, pay attention to choosing high-quality tiles, which is the prerequisite to ensure the quality of tile paving. During the construction process, the construction staff may propose that the flatness error of the wall is large, and some measures need to be taken to compensate for it separately. If some scattered expenses need to be increased, consumers should provide support and cooperation as much as possible according to the situation.